Type 2 diabetes rises dramatically among young people

Type 2 diabetes rises dramatically among young people

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes used to be a disease only seen in people over the age of 40. The reality of today is something totally different – the number of kids and youngster being treated for diabetes.

In type 2 diabetes, blood sugar can be reduced with diet, exercise, and oral medications that either make the body more sensitive to insulin or help the pancreas release more insulin.

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot make any insulin and people have to depend on injections of insulin to lower blood sugar.

Over time, people with diabetes can also require insulin. This happens when the pancreas "wears out."

Some ethnic groups have a higher inherited incidence of type 2 diabetes. African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific islanders are all at increased risk for diabetes.

Other causes of diabetes are unhealthy lifestyle habits and includes:

Eating too much sugar and carbohydrates

Consuming artificial sweeteners such as diet sodas or "sugar free" foods, Not getting enough exercise, Being under chronic high stress.

As mentioned previously, diabetes can be reversed with diligent attention to changing lifestyle behaviors.

Type 2 diabetes develops gradually, over years, so the symptoms can be subtle things people think they just have to live with. Being overweight or obese is the major symptom, but not everyone with type 2 diabetes will be overweight. In fact, weight loss can be a symptom. Other symptoms include:

Fatigue, Frequent urination, Excess thirst, Blurry or cloudy vision, Wounds that won't heal, Tingling or numbness in the feet, Erectile dysfunction (ED), Dark skin under the armpits and around the groin.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and unhealthy lifestyle habits.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is a chronic disease in which blood sugar can no longer be regulated. There are two reasons for this. First, the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. Insulin works like a key to let glucose move out of the blood and into the cells where it is used as fuel for energy. When the cells become insulin resistant, it requires a lot of insulin (which acts like a key, unlocking the membrane) to move the glucose into the cell, and too much of it stays in the blood. Over time, if the cells require more and more insulin, the pancreas can't make enough insulin to keep up and begins to fail.

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