Is there a type 2 diabetes diet plan?
A type 2 diabetes diet should be based on foods with a low glycemic load (index) (foods higher in fiber, protein or fats) like vegetables and good quality protein such as fish, chicken, beans, and lentils. From that base, other types of healthy foods such as fruit, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and nuts should be added.
Foods with a high glycemic index (foods that raise blood sugar too quickly) are foods to avoid, such as processed foods, high in carbohydrates, sugars, or animal fat. Examples of foods to avoid include:
Deserts, Sweets, Pastries, Breads, Chips, Crackers, Pasta.
A good rule of thumb is to avoid white foods (except for cauliflower!).
Do people with type 2 diabetes have to take insulin?
Insulin is only recommended for people with type 2 diabetes when they have not been able to get blood sugars low enough to prevent complications through other means. To avoid insulin, people with type 2 diabetes should work very hard to follow a healthy diet that includes a lot of vegetables and lean proteins, exercise every day, and keep stress in perspective. They also should take their oral medications regularly. It can be difficult to follow these recommendations and the help of your doctor, nutritionist, diabetes educator, health coach, or integrative medicine practitioner may be helpful. For people who want to avoid insulin, working with practitioners knowledgeable about lifestyle medicine can help them understand how to make these lifestyle changes fit into their lives.