What is the difference between type 2 and type 1 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes, blood sugar can be reduced with diet, exercise, and oral medications that either make the body more sensitive to insulin or help the pancreas release more insulin.In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot make any insulin and people have to depend on injections of insulin to lower blood sugar.
Over time, people with type 2 blood sugar can also require insulin. This happens when the pancreas "wears out."
What causes type 2 diabetes, and is it reversible
Type 2 blood sugar is caused by a combination of genetics and unhealthy lifestyle habits.
Some ethnic groups have a higher inherited incidence of type 2 diabetes. African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific islanders are all at increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
Other causes of type 2 blood sugar disease are unhealthy lifestyle habits and includes:
Eating too much sugar and carbohydrates
Consuming artificial sweeteners such as diet sodas or "sugar free" foods, Not getting enough exercise, Being under chronic high stress.
As mentioned previously, type 2 blood sugar disease can be reversed with diligent attention to changing lifestyle behaviors.
What are type 2 diabetes symptoms and signs?
Type 2 diabetes develops gradually, over years, so the symptoms can be subtle things people think they just have to live with. Being overweight or obese is the major symptom, but not everyone with type 2 blood sugar disease will be overweight. In fact, weight loss can be a blood sugar disease symptom. Other symptoms include:
Fatigue, Frequent urination, Excess thirst, Blurry or cloudy vision, Wounds that won't heal, Tingling or numbness in the feet, Erectile dysfunction (ED), Dark skin under the armpits and around the groin.
What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
Risk factors for type 2 blood sugar disease include:
Age (being over age 45)
Having a family history of diabetes
Being a member of a race or ethnic group with a genetic predisposition for type 2 blood sugar disease.
Having had prediabetes or gestational diabetes
Having other metabolic syndrome conditions such as high blood pressure, low HDL or "good" cholesterol, or high triglycerides
Risk Factore of Diabetes
Some research shows that people with type 2 blood sugar diseases may die 10 years earlier than those without diabetes. Most people with type 2 diabetes die of secondary complications of diabetes, for example kidney failure or heart disease. However, with good blood sugar control and healthy lifestyle choices complications can be prevented.
These additional nutrients slow down the absorption of the glucose and keep blood sugar levels more stable.
What lifestyle factors increase a person's risk for getting type 2 diabetes?
Being overweight or obese
Being sedentary (not exercising or being physically active)
Watching more than 2 hours of TV per day.
People who drink soda, either sugar-sweetened or diet, are at 26%-67% increased risk of type 2 blood sugar disease.
Economic stress also is a risk factor. People who live in the lowest-income circumstances have two and a half times greater the risk of developing diabetes.