Diabetic Kidney Disease-Symptoms Causes and Treatment
Diabetic Kidney Disease is more common in elderly people with diabetes. This Disease can be prevented by the guidelines provided by the Physicians. According to research conducted by hospitals, 46% of people with diabetes also have kidney disease. Even if we have been suffering from diabetes for a long time or have only We should be aware that if we have recently been diagnosed with diabetes, we are more likely to develop diabetic kidney disease in the future. Diabetic kidney disease is the medical term for this condition.
What is diabetic kidney disease? Here are the symptoms, causes, effects and treatments!
The number of people with diabetes is rising rapidly in today’s society.. In addition, other problems related to diabetes are on the rise. If the level of sugar in the blood is not kept in balance, it can affect every part of our body, including our kidneys.
Each kidney has a million filters called nephrons. Each nephron has the thickness of our hair. During hypertension, a small lump of blood vessels (glomerulus) in each nephron filters the wastes in the blood. If you have high levels of sugar in your blood due to diabetes, it can affect these blood vessels. As a result, protein leaks out and the kidneys lose their function over time.
Everyone with diabetes is more likely to have kidney damage. However there are many different factors that contribute to the development of diabetic kidney disease. For some diabetics, their kidneys may be affected as soon as they are diagnosed. Others may not have kidney damage until 25 years after the onset of diabetes. The following tips are said to be the factors for this kidney disease. – Family background – Genetic predisposition – Control of blood sugar levels – Uncontrolled blood pressure.
People who have had kidney disease for a long time may have the following symptoms. – Swelling of the legs due to overuse of the body – Headache – Sleep problems – Anorexia – Abdominal pain – Weakness – Inability to concentrate
For people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the symptoms of damage to their kidneys are the same. But for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the symptoms of kidney damage may be slightly different in the beginning.
This means that for people with type 1 diabetes, it takes a while for diabetes to develop. This means that kidney disease occurs only 5 to 10 years after the onset of diabetes. But 20 to 30 percent of people with type 2 diabetes will have diabetic kidney disease when they are tested for diabetes.
The main treatments for diabetic kidney disease are dietary change, self-care and proper medical treatment.
When it applies to dietary changes, nutritious foods are the way to go. Eat low protein foods at the same time. In order to remain cautious, we must maintain our blood sugar levels under control. Blood pressure should be maintained evenly. For that we need to change our lives actively. Alcohol consumption should be reduced. Hand remedies should not be done.
Blood pressure can be reduced with the help of medications like ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blocks. Physicians prescribe these pills to lower the risk of kidney damage. These are useful not only for hypertensive diabetics but also for non-hypertensive diabetics.
When is a kidney transplant performed?
Kidney failure can be caused by diabetic kidney disease. At that time dialysis or kidney transplant will be done. Kidney transplantation is performed only when the kidney loses 85 to 90 percent of its function. Until then it can be dealt with with medication. Micro albumin uria is present in the urine during the early stages of diabetic kidney disease.
With proper medical treatment, kidney damage can be prevented and micro albumin uria in the urine can be prevented.
How to prevent diabetic kidney disease?
Take medical treatments such as insulin if necessary – get tested for HbA1c once every three months. We can then regulate the level of sugar in our blood. Blood pressure should be tested at regular intervals to keep it under control. – The quantity of fat in the body should be monitored and controlled. – Leave bad behaviours such as smoking and chewing tobacco. – Weight should be kept to a minimum. – Abandon hand remedies. Be especially cautious when taking painkillers. Renal function should be checked at least once a year. . In particular, the urine should be tested for the presence of micro albumin uria and serum creatinine.